Directed by co-writer Abram Room, this comedic, modern love-triangle silent film drama was considered a Soviet version of Ernst Lubitsch's Design For Living (1933), and had hints of Francois Truffaut's Jules et Jim (1962, Fr.).
Over time, they become estranged from one another, emotionally and sexually.
Abortion was considered ("You must have an abortion.
I don't want somebody else's baby"), although strong-willed Lyuda rejected the idea when she decided to leave both men after visiting a private hospital and foregoing the operation ("Semyonova got frightened and left" recalled a nurse).
The story set in the 41st century involved Barbarella's journey to a distant galaxy to save humanity. This cult film was an explicit, X-rated underground film with non-chalant, frequent male nudity (including one of the earliest instances of an erect penis in a non-pornographic film).
There was a teasing joke about Barbarella experiencing traditional or "old-fashioned" physical-penetrative copulation instead of the latest virtual sex (consumption of exaltation transference pills). It also featured transvestite drag queens (i.e., Candy Darling and Jackie Curtis in their film debuts), exotic strippers (including sexploitation actress, "super groupie" and stripper Geri Miller - before breast implants), fellow hustlers and johns.